Many excessive degree Iranian officers needs to be charged for the capturing down of a Ukrainian business airliner in January 2020, a UN human rights knowledgeable has stated, describing the killing of the 176 individuals aboard as a “profound and critical indictment” of the nation’s civil and navy authorities.

Agnès Callamard, the UN particular rapporteur on extrajudicial, abstract or arbitrary executions, delivered a 45-page letter to the Iranian authorities which was made public on Tuesday, outlining her findings from a six-month investigation into the catastrophe, and complaining concerning the lack of Iranian cooperation, which has left lots of her questions unanswered.

Callamard issued a very sturdy condemnation of the Tehran authorities’s therapy of the victims’ households, who she stated had been harassed and threatened, denied the return of stays and private results, and compelled to associate with formally staged “martyr” funerals.

Ukraine Worldwide Airways flight PS752 was shot down by an Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) air defence missile battery shortly after it took off from Tehran’s worldwide airport, at a time of excessive tensions, 5 days after a US drone strike killed an IRGC commander, Qassem Suleimani.

The airplane was sure for Kyiv however had 55 residents and 30 everlasting residents of Canada aboard. After denying accountability for a number of days, Tehran stated the Boeing 737-800 was shot down by mistake by an air defence crew who mistook it for an incoming US missile.

“The inconsistencies within the official explanations appear designed to create a most of confusion and a minimal of readability. They appear contrived to mislead and bewilder,” Callamard, stated within the letter, which was despatched to Tehran 60 days in the past with a set of questions however has but to get a reply.

The Iranian mission to the UN didn’t reply to a request for touch upon Tuesday night.

“At finest, what we’ve right here is an awfully incompetent succession of actions … to such an extent that they’d be in my opinion, in a prison courtroom, be described as prison and reckless,” Callamard advised the Guardian.

She added that the downing of the airplane was a “profound and critical indictment of Iran, each navy and civilian authorities, by way of the violations of their human rights obligations”.

The official Iranian account particulars a sequence of technical breakdowns and human errors that led to the tragedy, however Callamard stated they simply raised extra questions that Tehran had didn’t reply.

For instance, the official account stated the cellular missile unit that fired the 2 Russian-made Tor missiles that introduced down the airliner had not been correctly calibrated, so the radar methods confirmed the plane as incoming somewhat than outbound.

Callamard stated she had not been given any rationalization as to why this miscalibration occurred, why it had not been detected, or why it had led to the missiles being fired. It was additionally unclear why the crew had not adopted customary working procedures that might have prevented the launch, why the airport had not been closed at a time of excessive pressure and why the investigation was botched. The crash scene was looted and bulldozed earlier than worldwide inspectors arrived.

There have been conflicting stories concerning the arrest and prosecution of the missile crew, however Callamard stated: “When it comes to accountability, sadly we can not anticipate Iran to cost these on the high and even the center of the chain of command, and there are various high-level officers who needs to be charged.”

There was no proof, she added, that Iran had made the elemental modifications crucial to provide the remainder of the world assurance that the identical errors wouldn’t be made once more.

Callamard’s letter lambasts the Iranian authorities for the therapy of the bereaved households. In lots of instances, private gadgets went lacking after the looting of the crash web site and baggage.

“Iranian officers sought to coerce households into publicly declaring their assist for the federal government or danger the non-return of their family members’ stays,” the letter stated. “Many households have been reportedly additionally denied personal funerals. Victims have been declared ‘martyrs’ who died for his or her nation. Consequently, funerals have been closely managed.”

The inscription “congratulations in your martyrdom” was positioned on the coffins of the victims towards the needs of the households, the letter added.

Households in Iran and Canada, it stated, had been acquired loss of life threats for being important of Iran.

Callamard advised the Guardian the therapy of grieving households was “cynical, merciless and prison”.

She stated she hoped that worldwide efforts, particularly by Canada and Ukraine, wouldn’t be purchased off or held hostage by the need to salvage the 2015 nuclear cope with Iran.

Callamard stated: “Not at all ought to the seek for justice for PS752 be impaired by the equally necessary seek for a nuclear deal.”